Question: What to do if a pregnant woman has a seizure?

Report the seizure promptly to your health care provider. He or she might adjust your medication. If you have a seizure in the last few months of your pregnancy, your health care provider will monitor your baby at the hospital or clinic.

What happens if your pregnant and have a seizure?

Once you become pregnant, it will be even more important to control your seizures. Having seizures during pregnancy can affect the health of your baby. You might fall, or the baby may be deprived of oxygen during the seizure, which can injure the baby and increase your risk of miscarriage or stillbirth.

What causes a seizure during pregnancy?

High blood pressure

Damage to your arteries may restrict blood flow. It can produce swelling in the blood vessels in your brain and to your growing baby. If this abnormal blood flow through vessels interferes with your brain’s ability to function, seizures may occur.

Can you have a seizure during pregnancy?

Most seizures during pregnancy occur in women who already have epilepsy. During pregnancy most women will continue their previous level of seizure control, although 15-30% may experience an increase in seizures.

How common are seizures during pregnancy?

What are the risks of seizures during pregnancy? Seizure frequency fortunately declines or remains the same in the majority of women during pregnancy. Yet in 15% to 30% of women, there may be an increase in seizure frequency, most often in the first or third trimester.

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How can seizures start?

Anything that interrupts the normal connections between nerve cells in the brain can cause a seizure. This includes a high fever, high or low blood sugar, alcohol or drug withdrawal, or a brain concussion. But when a person has 2 or more seizures with no known cause, this is diagnosed as epilepsy.

Why does preeclampsia lead to seizures?

The pathogenesis of eclamptic seizure remains unknown, but is considered a form of hypertensive encephalopathy where an acute rise in blood pressure causes loss of cerebral blood flow (CBF) autoregulation and hyperperfusion of the brain that results in vasogenic edema formation and subsequent seizure.

Can pregnancy hormones cause seizures?

Some women are at greater risk of having a seizure during pregnancy and at certain times of their menstrual cycle because of changing levels of the hormones estrogen and progesterone. These hormones continually increase and decrease throughout a woman’s life.

What is an eclampsia seizure?

Eclampsia is pregnancy-related seizure activity that is caused by severe preeclampsia. Less than 1% of women who have preeclampsia experience seizures. 1. Eclampsia is life-threatening for both a mother and her fetus. During a seizure, the oxygen supply to the fetus is drastically reduced.

What are the complications of epilepsy in pregnancy?

Recent findings: Women with epilepsy have a higher risk of preeclampsia, gestational hypertension, bleeding in pregnancy and excessive bleeding postpartum. They also have higher incidence of congenital anomalies and delayed cognitive development in their children.

Can high blood pressure cause seizures?

Results: Severe uncontrolled hypertension increased the risk of unprovoked seizure.