Malaria infection during pregnancy can have adverse effects on both mother and fetus, including maternal anemia, fetal loss, premature delivery, intrauterine growth retardation, and delivery of low birth-weight infants (Can a pregnant woman be treated of malaria?
Malaria is associated with an increased risk of abortion, stillbirth, and low birth weight. The World Health Organization (WHO) now recommends that all women in the second or third trimester of pregnancy who have uncomplicated P. falciparum malaria should be treated with artemisinin-based combination therapy.
Can a pregnant woman transfer malaria to her baby?
Malaria during pregnancy may result in fetal exposure to malaria if parasites are transmitted across the placenta and could result in congenital malaria. Transplacental transmission of P.
At what month can a pregnant woman take malaria drugs?
The National malaria control program,6,7 recommends two doses of IPT-SP during normal pregnancy; the first dose to be administered at quickening, which ensures that the woman is in the second trimester, and the second dose given at least one month from the first.
What type of malaria drug can a pregnant woman take?
The antimalarials that can be used in pregnancy include (1) chloroquine, (2) amodiaquine, (3) quinine, (4) azithromycin, (5) sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine, (6) mefloquine, (7) dapsone-chlorproguanil, (8) artemisinin derivatives, (9) atovaquone-proguanil and (10) lumefantrine.
How do you know if you have malaria when pregnant?
Signs and symptoms of malaria may include:
- General feeling of discomfort.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Abdominal pain.
- Muscle or joint pain.
Can malaria cause miscarriage?
Around one in five pregnancies resulted in miscarriage when malaria was not a factor. Symptomatic malaria increased the risk of miscarriage to one in two pregnancies; for asymptomatic malaria, the risk of miscarriage was one in three pregnancies.
How many times should a pregnant woman treat malaria before delivery?
Intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in pregnancy with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (IPTp-SP) decreases placental parasitaemia and improves birth outcomes. Currently, WHO recommends three or more doses of SP given during antenatal care (ANC), spaced one month apart after 16 weeks of gestation till delivery.
How do you treat malaria in early pregnancy?
Uncomplicated malaria in pregnancy
Currently, quinine and clindamycin is the recommended treatment for women in the first trimester of pregnancy31. In many places, clindamycin is unavailable, and quinine monotherapy is prescribed.
How can I recover from malaria faster?
Drink plenty of water to keep yourself hydrated. You can even include coconut water, lemon water and fruits that contain a high amount of water like cucumber, oranges. Water helps to flush out toxins from the body and helps you recover faster.