Infantile spasms (also called West syndrome) can be caused by problems with the way the brain developed in the womb, infections, brain injury, or abnormal blood vessels in the brain (such as an arteriovenous malformations). Infantile spasms also can happen in babies with some types of metabolic and genetic disorders.
Is it normal for my baby to have spasms?
Babies may have as many as 100 spasms a day. The seizures may be more likely to happen just as the baby is waking up. Infantile spasms most often begin between 4 and 7 months, but can start any time in the first few years of life. Later onset spasms may also occur but are rare.
How do I know if my baby has a muscle spasm?
Symptoms of Infantile Spasms (IS)
- Raise their arms over their head or stick their arms straight out to the side.
- Stiffen their legs or “tuck them into the belly,” as if having stomach pain.
- Suddenly bend at the waist.
- Drop or bob their heads briefly.
- Roll their eyes back suddenly with subtle head nodding.
When should I worry about baby twitching?
When To Worry About Baby Twitching in Sleep
A key indicator of a true seizure is abnormal eye movement along with body movements. If you see these scary symptoms—or if your baby has trouble breathing, turns blue, or the seizure lasts longer than five minutes—immediately go to the ER.
Can a baby with infantile spasms live a normal life?
An etiologic diagnosis is very important because it can lead to initiation of a specific therapy that may markedly improve the long-term developmental outcome. In fact, some children with infantile spasms may ultimately lead normal lives, but only if they are diagnosed and treated correctly.
Can infantile spasm be cured?
Many children with infantile spasms develop other kinds of epilepsy. (Watch examples of infantile spasms.) “Some of these children can be cured, but successful treatment often depends on prompt diagnosis,” said Hussain.
Are infantile spasms an emergency?
As we continue to navigate the COVID-19 pandemic, it’s critical to remember infantile spasms are still medical emergencies that need urgent care. Any delay in seeking emergency treatment can increase your child’s risk for brain damage.
Why does my baby tense up and shake?
Moving their arms and legs all around can be one of the signs that your baby is hungry. Crying, which can also create shaking, trembling, or stiffening of the body, is also a late sign of hunger. Low blood sugar can also cause shivering in babies.
How long do infantile spasms last?
Often occur in a series, called a cluster. Clusters help make the diagnosis. Spasms within a cluster often have a regular pattern. The time between each spasm can last from 3 to 30 seconds.
What is infant shudder syndrome?
Shuddering attacks are recognized as an uncommon benign disorder occurring during infancy or early childhood. The attacks seem to involve shivering movements occurring daily for several seconds without impairment of consciousness. it consists of rapid shivering of the head, shoulder, and occasionally the trunk.
How early can infantile spasms start?
Most infants with infantile spasms develop a pattern of movements called spasms, sometimes also referred to as epileptic spasms. The most common age for these spasms to begin is between 3 and 6 months of age. They can begin earlier than 3 months and sometimes begin after 12 months of age.
Do infantile spasms cause mental retardation?
Infantile spasms (IS), i.e., West syndrome, as an epileptic encephalopathy, represents one of the major causes of acquired mental retardation in early childhood (Roger and Dulac, 1994).
Will infantile spasms always show on EEG?
Infantile spasms are a very specific type of seizure with a characteristic age of onset (a typical age when seizures start). They are nearly always accompanied by a very characteristic pattern on the electroencephalogram (EEG).
Why do babies have seizures?
Baby seizures happen when an abnormal extra burst of electrical activity occurs between neurons, or brain cells, in a baby’s brain. These can happen for many reasons. Causes may include brain injury, infection, and underlying health conditions, such as cerebral palsy.