What causes a baby to be tongue tied?

Typically, the lingual frenulum separates before birth, allowing the tongue free range of motion. With tongue-tie, the lingual frenulum remains attached to the bottom of the tongue. Why this happens is largely unknown, although some cases of tongue-tie have been associated with certain genetic factors.

Why are some babies born with a tongue-tie?

What causes tongue-tie? The tongue and the floor of the mouth fuse together when an embryo is growing in the womb. Over time, the tongue separates from the floor of the mouth. Eventually, only a thin cord of tissue (the frenulum, or lingual frenulum) connects the bottom of the tongue to the mouth floor.

Can babies grow out of a tongue-tie?

Tongue-tie (ankyloglossia) is a condition present since birth that limits the movement of the tongue. The condition may not cause any problem, and the tightness may subside as the baby grows. If tongue-tie is left alone, babies can often grow out of it as their mouth develops.

How common is tongue-tie in babies?

Tongue tie is common, affecting nearly 5 percent of all newborns. It is three times more common among boys than girls and frequently runs in families. Research has shown that a significant number of infants with breastfeeding problems have tongue tie, and that when corrected, those problems may eliminated.

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How do I get rid of my baby’s tongue-tie?

Frenotomy (also called frenulotomy) is a minor surgery or procedure for babies with a tongue-tie. Essentially, it entails snipping the frenulum under your child’s tongue to allow the tongue a greater range of motion. The doctor can use local anesthesia, but many newborns can handle it without any anesthesia.

Does a tongue-tie affect speech?

Tongue-tie will not affect a child’s ability to learn speech and will not cause speech delay, but it may cause issues with articulation, or the way the words are pronounced.

At what age can tongue-tie be corrected?

Tongue-tie can improve on its own by the age of two or three years. Severe cases of tongue-tie can be treated by cutting the tissue under the tongue (the frenum). This is called a frenectomy.

What happens if you don’t cut a tongue-tie?

Without treating tongue-tie, it can affect the health of your child through different ages in their life. During infancy, untreated tongue-tie can result in these health consequences: Poor bonding between mother and baby. Sleep deprivation for both mother and baby.

Does cutting tongue-tie hurt baby?

The procedure

In very young babies (those who are only a few months old), it is usually done without anaesthetic (painkilling medicine), or with a local anaesthetic that numbs the tongue. The procedure does not seem to hurt babies.

What can tongue-tie cause?

Problems with tongue tie can vary depending on a child’s age. Newborns may have trouble breastfeeding because they can’t get a good latch onto the breast or nurse well. Symptoms of tongue tie can include a weak latch, easy loss of latch, gumming or biting the nipple, and nipple pain or injury in breastfeeding moms.

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Do pediatricians fix tongue-tie?

Tongue-Tie Is Not The Cause Of All Breastfeeding Issues

For those infants who are having breastfeeding trouble, however, it should be considered as a possible cause and treated if appropriate. Many pediatricians are able to perform the procedure in the hospital prior to discharge or in the office.

Can tongue-tie cause painful breastfeeding?

Restricted tongue movement caused by tongue tie may affect the shape of a baby’s palate, leading to a high palate or a bubble palate with a high spot. These may be a factor in broken suction, a clicking sound and pain during breastfeeding.

Does tongue-tie affect feeding?

Some babies with tongue-ties can breastfeed perfectly. Others have difficulty breastfeeding and a few have difficulty bottle-feeding. For breastfeeding babies, the difficulty is because the tongue-tie prevents the baby from attaching efficiently to the breast (failing to latch on).